1947 Israel Palestine Agreement
Hamas opposes lasting coexistence with the Jewish state and received the Expropriated Palestinians during the 1947-1948 war, when Israel invaded Arab troops to conquer territories beyond Resolution 181. In 1949, Israel signed a separate armament work on 24 February with Egypt, Lebanon on 23 March, Transjordan on 3 April and 20 July in Syria. The ceasefire lines saw Israel, which held about 78% of Palestine`s mandate (as it did after Transjordane`s independence in 1946), 22% more than the UN division plan. These ceasefire lines were then referred to as the “green line.” The Gaza Strip and the West Bank were occupied by Egypt and Transjordan respectively. The United Nations Ceasefire Monitoring Organization and the Joint Ceasefire Armaments Commission have been set up to monitor the ceasefire, monitor ceasefire agreements, avoid an escalation of isolated incidents and support other UN peacekeeping operations in the region. Shortly after President Truman took office, he appointed several experts to deal with the Palestinian issue. In the summer of 1946, Mr. Truman, chaired by Dr. Henry F. Grady, Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs, set up a special commission to begin negotiations with a parallel British committee to discuss the future of Palestine. In May 1946, Mr.
Truman agreed to a recommendation to take in 100,000 displaced people in Palestine and publicly expressed his support for the creation of a Jewish state in October. In 1947, the United Nations Special Commission on Palestine examined the Palestinian issue and recommended the division of Palestine into a Jewish state and an Arab state. On 29 November 1947, the United Nations adopted Resolution 181 (also known as a division resolution) which was to split Britain`s former Palestinian mandate into Jewish and Arab states in May 1948, when the British mandate was to expire. According to the resolution, the territory of religious importance around Jerusalem would remain a corpus-separatum managed under the international control of the United Nations. Israel refused to engage in direct talks with the PLO, but in 1991 Israeli diplomats met with a joint Jordanian-Palestinian delegation at the Madrid peace conference. In 1992, the President of the Workers` Party, Yitzchak Rabin, Israeli Prime Minister, pledged to move the peace process forward quickly. It froze new Israeli settlements in the occupied territory and authorized secret negotiations between Israel and the PLO that began in January 1993 in Oslo, Norway. These discussions resulted in several important agreements and culminated in the historic peace agreement of 13 September 1993. A few weeks after the publication of the UNSCOP report, Azzam Pasha, the Secretary General of the Arab League, told an Egyptian newspaper: “Personally, I hope that the Jews will not force us into this war, because it will be a war of elimination and it will be a dangerous massacre that will record history such as the massacre of the Mongols or the wars of the Crusades.”  (This October 1947 statement was often incorrectly reported until much later on May 15, 1948).  Azzam said to Alec Kirkbride, “We will sweep them into the sea.” Syrian President Shukri al-Quwatli told his people: “We will eradicate Zionism.”  In September 1995, Rabin, Arafat and Peres signed a peace agreement that provides for the extension of Palestinian autonomy in the West Bank and democratic elections to designate the leadership of the Palestinian Authority. Just over a month later, on November 4, 1995, Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist at a peace rally in Tel Aviv. Peres became Prime Minister and promised to continue the peace process.
However, terrorist attacks by Palestinian extremists in early 1996 denied Israeli public opinion and in May Benjamin Netanyahu was elected prime minister by the right-wing Likud party.