What Is The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act

Section 34.7 provides that the contract expires 16 years after it comes into force, unless the parties agree to an extension. The agreement is also under a six-year review. U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer has been negotiating at length with task forces chosen by House Speaker Pelosi to amend the agreement to ensure the USMCA is passed by Congress with broad bipartisan support. The United States, Mexico and Canada made these changes through a Protocol of Amendment to the USMCA signed on December 10, 2019. Growing objections within member states to U.S. trade policy and various aspects of the USMCA have impacted the signature and ratification process. Mexico said it would not sign the USMCA if tariffs on steel and aluminum remained in place. [66] Forty Republicans in Congress urged Trump not to sign an agreement that included “the unprecedented inclusion of the language of sexual orientation and gender identity”; As a result, Trump eventually signed a revised version that only required each nation to have “policies it deems appropriate to protect workers from discrimination in the workplace” and clarified that the United States would not be required to introduce additional non-discrimination laws. [67] The Canadian government expressed concern about the changes that would occur under the USMCA Agreement. [68] Under the leadership of President Donald J. Trump, the United States renegotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement and replaced it with an updated and rebalanced agreement that works much better for North America, the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA), which entered into force on July 1, 2020.

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